Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Twitterfeed #3

Welcome to the third issue of my Twitterfeed. Over two weeks since the last post I've accumulated a good share of links to the news and blog posts, so it is a good time "flush the buffer".

Let's start with something more fundamental than just the news about frameworks and programming languages. "A tale of four memory caches" is a nice explanation of how browser caching works. Awesome read, nice visuals, useful takeaways. Go read it!

Machine Learning seems is becoming more and more popular. So here's a nicely structured knowledge-base at your convenience: "Top-down learning path: Machine Learning for Software Engineers".

Next, let's see what's new about all the reactive buzz. The trend is highly popular so I've collected a few links to the blog posts about RxJava and related.

First, "RxJava for easy concurrency and backpressure" is my own writeup about the beauty of the RxJava for a complex problem like backpressure combined with concurrent task scheduling.

Dávid Karnok published benchmark results for the different reactive libraries.

"Refactoring to Reactive - Anatomy of a JDBC migration" explains how reactive approach can be introduced incrementally into the legacy applications.

The reactive approach is also suitable for the Internet of Things area. So here's the article about Vert.x being used for IoT world.

IoT is actually not only about the devices but also about the cloud. Arun Gupta published a nice write up about using the AWS IoT Button with AWS Lambda and Couchbase. Looks pretty cool!

Now onto the news related to my favourite programming tool, IntelliJ IDEA!

IntelliJ IDEA 2017.1 EAP has started! Nice, but I'm not amused. Who needs those emojis anyway?! I hope IDEA developers will find something more useful in the bug tracker to fix and improve.

Andrey Cheptsov experiments with code folding in IntelliJ IDEA. The Advanced Expressions Folding plugin is available for download - give it a try!

Claus Ibsen announced that the work has started on Apache Camel IntelliJ plugin.

Since we are at the news about IntelliJ IDEA, I think it makes sense to see what's up with Kotlin as well. Kotlin 1.0.6 has been released, which is the new bugfix and tooling update. Seems like Kotlin is getting more popularity and people try to use it in conjunction with popular frameworks like Spring Boot and Vaadin.

Looks like too many links already so I'll stop here. I should start posting those more often :)

Monday, December 5, 2016

Twitterfeed #2

So this is the second issue of my Twitterfeed, the news that I noticed in Twitter. Much more sophisticated compared to the first post, but still no structure and no definite periodicity.


Java Annotated Monthly - December 2016. Nice collection of articles about Java 9, Java 8, libraries and frameworks, etc. With this, my Twitterfeed is now officially meta! 😃

RebelLabs published Java Generics cheat sheet. Print it out and put at the wall in your office!

Server side rendering with Spring and React. Interesting approach to UI rendering with React. Some parts of the UI are rendered at the server side, and some data is then rendered at the client side.

One year as a Developer Advocate. Vlad Mihalcea reflects on his achievements from the first year in the role of a Developer Advocate for Hibernate. Well done!

IDEA 2016.2 Icon Pack. IDEA 2016.3 update came with the new icons and some people don’t really like those. There is now a plugin to replace the new icons with the old icons. Enjoy!

Oh, and talking about IntelliJ IDEA, there is another great blog post related to 2016.3 release. Alasdair Nottingham writes about Liberty loos applications support in IDEA: Faster application development with IntelliJ IDEA 2016.3

Reactive programming vs Reactive systems. Jonas Boner and Viktor Klang make it clear, what is the difference between the two. "Messages have a clear (single) destination, while events are facts for others to observe".

Good Programmers Write Bug-Free Code, Don’t They? Yegor Bugayenko has a good point about the relation of good programming to a bug-free code.

Cyclops Java by Example: N-Queens. A coding kata for N-Queens problem using "cyclop's for-comprehensions".

Zero downtime deployment with the database. The name says it all.

RxJava 2.0 interview with David Karnok about the major release. Here comes support for Reactive Streams specification!

Reactor by Example. Reactor is very similar to RxJava, but it is also in the core of Spring Framework’s 5.0 reactive programming model.

An explanation of the different types of performance testing. I think this is quite important to make the difference.


Spec-ulation by Rich Hickey. As usual, must watch!

Microservices evolution: how to break your monolithic database. Microservices are becoming mainstream, it seems. So we need best practices for building microservices based systems.

Tuesday, November 22, 2016

Twitterfeed #1

Twitterfeed is the collection of news that I find via Twitter. I have no particular system or a method on how do I pick the news. Neither do I have a predefined period for grouping the news. It is neither daily or weekly or monthly - it is all just random. Enjoy! :)

Java 10 is now officially a project
IntelliJ IDEA 2016.3, my favourite IDE, was released!!! Yay!
CLion 2016.3, a IDE for C/C++ development was released
Rider, a new IDE for .NET is now publicly available via EAP
Akka 2.4.14 was released
Ceylon 1.3.1 was released
Fedora 25 was released

Heinz Kabutz teaches how to implement our own ArrayList in less than 10 minutes
Martin Kleppmann talks about conflict resolution for eventual consistency
Yegor Bugayenko rants about software architects
Roland Kuhn writes about understanding distribution

Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Hello World with JBoss Modules

JBoss Modules is quite an interesting project that powers JBoss application server and some other projects in JBoss ecosystem. However, I was surprised to find out that there isn't much you can find about Modules on the webs. Documentation is... bad half-done, not that many tutorials, no good examples of how you could use this awesome library in your project. The best you can find is the description on how to apply JBoss Modules within the application server. (sad panda)

I was looking for the simplest "Hello World" example and couldn't find it. Well, why not create one myself then? 

Downloading JBoss Modules

A surprising fact is that you won't find JBoss Modules in the list of upstream projects at jboss.orgThe first option is to download the jboss-modules.jar from Bintray or Maven Central. And the second option is to build it from sources

Oh, ok, one more option (not the best one) is to download the application server that includes jboss-modules.jar, e.g. WildFly.

Hello World

Ahh, the good old "Hello World" :) The main application class is as follows:

public class Main {
  public static void main(String[] args) {
     new Hello().say();

So we have a dependency, the Hello class, that will reside in a different module:

public class Hello {
  public void say(){

So to mimic the modules we first have to compile both classes and assemble corresponding JARs. Plus, a proper directory layout is expected by JBoss Modules to resolve the artefacts.

Main class belongs to 'app' module, and Hello class belongs to 'hello' module. Each module requires module.xml descriptor. This part is somewhat documented actually. Also the 'main' directory that you see within each module's directory structure is actually a version (!). 
A version slot identifier is an arbitrary string; thus one can use just about any system they wish for organization.  If not otherwise specified, the version slot identifier defaults to "main".
Here's the module.xml for the app module:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<module xmlns="urn:jboss:module:1.5" name="app">
  <main-class name="Main"/>

    <resource-root path="main.jar"/>

        <module name="hello"/>

It specifies the main class (i.e. Main), the reference to the actual JAR that will be used in this module's classpath, and a dependency - the 'hello' module.

Same module.xml for the 'hello' module:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<module xmlns="urn:jboss:module:1.5" name="hello">
    <resource-root path="hello.jar"/>

Voila! Now we can execute our brand new modular "Hello World" app:

> java -jar jboss-modules-1.5.1.Final.jar -mp mods app

The format for the command is as follows. First, java -jar jboss-modules.jar is used to bootstrap the environment; -mp mods, and the 'app' parameter is the name of the application module that should be executed.

This example isn't really practical, but at least it gives a hint on how to get started with JBoss Modules. Hopefully, one day, the documentation for this awesome project will be complete and there will be a bit more tutorials for different the use cases.

Friday, February 12, 2016

HotSwap vs hot deploy

It is the year 2016 and one still has to explain that HotSwap and hot deploy in Java IDEs is not the same thing.

Stackoverflow is full of questions about avoiding restarts of Java applications. So of the answers suggests that “Eclipse can update code without restarting the application” or “IntelliJ IDEA can hot update running applications” or “NetBeans automatically updates running code in debugger”. But the ultimate solution for this problem is JRebel, of course.

UPD: You can also read about various solutions to the redeployment problem in my Stackoverflow answer.

One fundamental thing that people don’t understand is that it is not even the capability of an IDE to be able to update applications. The IDE is just a medium -- it only triggers the update, and then the runtime environment is the one responsible for updating the code.

Repeat after me

HotSwap and Hot deploy is not the same thing!

What is HotSwap?

HotSwap (тм) is the technology in HotSpot JVM that is tailored at updating class definitions at runtime. Most importantly, "HotSwap adds functionality to the Java Platform Debugger Architecture (JPDA) to allow a class to be updated while under the control of a debugger”.

So when it comes to IDEs, once an application is started in a debug mode, the IDE can trigger class redefinition in a running JVM by utilizing JPDA.

If you are interested in the intimate details of HotSwap, read the “Safe class and data evolution in large and long-lived java applications” paper by M. Dmitriev.

It is important to understand the limitations of HotSwap: it is limited only to updating statements of code inside methods. Can’t change method signatures, can’t add new methods, fields, etc. Some JVM implementations are able to do a bit more. For instance, with IBM J9 JVM it is possible to add new methods to an existing class. Nevertheless, HotSwap capabilities are minimal. A JEP for enhanced class redefinition has been submitted long ago, and even a research project was sponsored by Oracle, but no further progress was made.

The bottom line here is that HotSwap is not a feature of an IDE, it is the ability of a JVM that you use.

What is hot deploy?

Hot deploy is the ability of application container to automatically deploy (web) applications at the startup. Obviously, the same feature can be applied to re-deploy the applications without restarting the JVM process.

Hot deploy is not a feature in any of the IDEs either. IDEs can only trigger (re)deployment of an application by either copying the artefacts to a correct location, or by using hooks if provided by the application server. So this is totally application server specific - this is what server adapters are for! It requires the IDE to be aware of the application server specifics, hence some people affiliate this functionality to their IDE.

Redeploying the application drops its state. Sometimes, application server can serialize/deserialize HTTP session state, but that's about it, not more. It can't preserve the state of the structures inside the application; internal caches have to be warmed up; framework internals have to be reinitialized, etc. The process is time consuming.

Application servers rely on class loader magic to redeploy applications. You can read about it in details in ZeroTurnaround’s blog.


Make sure you use the terms correctly -- 'HotSwap' and 'hot deploy' is not the same thing! You may other terms, like 'hot update' -- then make sure to ask, what does the person actually means by this, because the devil is in the details.

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